In 2010, the US petroleum industry accomplished a feat that not many thought was possible only a few years ago—annual production of crude oil on American soil rose two consecutive years for the first time in almost 25 years. This is incredible, considering the battering this industry suffered during the 2008 financial crisis. The sustainability of this achievement likely will depend on successful economic exploitation of a handful of oil-rich resource plays, all of which will require hydraulic fracture stimulation. These fracs provide conductive paths from the wellbore to the fracture surface area in the formation. However, in most reservoirs fractures are known to collapse if not sufficiently propped. The induce conductivity is intended to convert the wells to successful economic ventures. Economic conductivity principally will be provided (or not) through the type and quality of proppant employed.
Author(s): David G. Gallagher; Carbo Ceramics