THE HIGH PERFORMANCE CHOICE
Our wide range of high quality, high performance proppant is manufactured to have a low internal pellet porosity, so that it is strong and durable enough to withstand pressure cycling and avoid the creation of fines. That means the proppant will maintain more space to flow for the life of the well.
Industry-proven production performance
A study of production rates published by the Society of Petroleum Engineers has shown that the combination of the strength, uniform size and shape of engineered ceramic proppant provide higher production performance than other types of proppant (SPE 77675).
Numerous case studies and field trials have consistently demonstrated:
See our latest proppant technologies and services that were engineered with the E&P in mind, and to overcome issues that can lead to reduced production and recovery, and expensive well servicing.
Nearly all of the proppant available on the market today can be classified into one of three tiers – sand, resin-coated sand and ceramic. The products contained in these three tiers have served the industry well and have typically covered the broad spectrum of applications required by completions engineers.
Production of hydrocarbons in deep water reservoirs involves the economical flow of hydrocarbons from the reservoir to the point of sale. One important consideration is effectively preventing / handling solid deposits which can be both organic (i.e. paraffin, asphaltenes) and inorganic (i.e. calcite, barite, halite) in nature.
With the advent of the development of lower Tertiary formations in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico, a gap in proppant technology was identified at the beginning of the decade. No existing conventional proppant could provide the required conductivity at the anticipated 15,000 psi (and higher) prevailing closure stress. To meet these challenges a new proppant was developed, with the goal of achieving twice the baseline conductivity of any conventional proppant at 20,000 psi.
Field "A" produces from a mixed-wet formation comprising of fine grained silicilite. The field is a sour light tight oil reservoir with permeability range from 0.001 – 0.1 mD, the only way to flow the existing vertical wells is through hydraulic fracs. Historically the wells have been fracced using water based frac fluids, which have caused severe negative consequences related to well integrity and reduced productivity.
The Lower Tertiary Wilcox Julia field is a large resource with low permeability (average 10 mD) and 20 cP in-situ viscosity oil. In order to achieve optimum production rates and ultimate recovery, ultra-high 10,000 psi drawdown is required from a multi-zone fracture stimulated lower completion.
Over 100 billion lbm of proppant are placed annually in wells across the globe, with the majority in unconventional reservoirs. The location of the proppant in these horizontal wells and formations is critical to understanding reservoir drainage, well spacing and stage spacing.
CONSOL Energy integrated CARBO's KRYPTOSPHERE LD ultraconductive, low-density ceramic proppant in the completion program of a well targeting the Utica deep gas horizon underlying its existing Marcellus Shale field in Greene County, Pa. Harts E&P, September 2016