THE MOST CONDUCTIVE PROPPANT FOR HIGH-PRESSURE & HIGH-TEMPERATURE FRACTURE ENVIRONMENTS
KRYPTOSPHERE ultra-conductive ceramic proppant technology is engineered to maximize hydrocarbon flow rates throughout the life of the well.
Watch Terry Palisch and Dave Norman discuss the development of KRYPTOSPHERE, the world's strongest proppant technology.
Engineered for high closure stresses, KRYPTOSPHERE technology is the only proppant suitable for ultra-high closure stress environments. Our high-density variant of the technology provides a step-change in conductivity, compressive strength and durability, significantly outperforming any other proppant available.
Ultra-conductive, low-density ceramic proppant technology significantly exceeds the conductivity, compressive strength and durability of existing low-density products.
Advanced, ultra-conductive, low-density ceramic proppant designed to deliver increased crush resistance in high closure stress conditions.
Ultra-conductive, high-density ceramic proppant technology has been specifically engineered for high closure stress and risk environments.
CARBOBOND KRYPTOSPHERE LD resin-coated, ultra high-performance ceramic proppant is effective at greater well depths, temperatures and stresses than any comparable ceramic proppant
Watch to see how KRYPTOSPHERE ultra-conductive ceramic proppant technology significantly exceeds the conductivity, compressive strength and durability of existing low-density proppant. In addition, KRYPTOSPHERE technology provides comparable and, in many cases, higher conductivity than intermediate-density and bauxite ceramics while delivering improved proppant transport and increased propped fracture volume.
Nearly all of the proppant available on the market today can be classified into one of three tiers – sand, resin-coated sand and ceramic. The products contained in these three tiers have served the industry well and have typically covered the broad spectrum of applications required by completions engineers.
Production of hydrocarbons in deep water reservoirs involves the economical flow of hydrocarbons from the reservoir to the point of sale. One important consideration is effectively preventing / handling solid deposits which can be both organic (i.e. paraffin, asphaltenes) and inorganic (i.e. calcite, barite, halite) in nature.
With the advent of the development of lower Tertiary formations in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico, a gap in proppant technology was identified at the beginning of the decade. No existing conventional proppant could provide the required conductivity at the anticipated 15,000 psi (and higher) prevailing closure stress. To meet these challenges a new proppant was developed, with the goal of achieving twice the baseline conductivity of any conventional proppant at 20,000 psi.
Field "A" produces from a mixed-wet formation comprising of fine grained silicilite. The field is a sour light tight oil reservoir with permeability range from 0.001 – 0.1 mD, the only way to flow the existing vertical wells is through hydraulic fracs. Historically the wells have been fracced using water based frac fluids, which have caused severe negative consequences related to well integrity and reduced productivity.
The Lower Tertiary Wilcox Julia field is a large resource with low permeability (average 10 mD) and 20 cP in-situ viscosity oil. In order to achieve optimum production rates and ultimate recovery, ultra-high 10,000 psi drawdown is required from a multi-zone fracture stimulated lower completion.
With production performance varying from one well to another on the same pad, and even from one stage to another along a single lateral, optimizing stimulation designs from the toe to the heel can have measurable impacts on a well's completion efficiency, economic performance, and ultimate recovery potential. The American Oil & Gas Reporter, March 2016
The end game for operators in horizontal resource plays is simple: Maximize the stimulated reservoir volume and keep induced fractures propped open so hydrocarbons keep flowing. Accomplishing those objectives, says Don Conkle, vice president of marketing and sales at CARBO, is leading the industry to pump more proppant per well. The American Oil & Gas Reporter, February 2018
Don Conkle, CARBO, USA, describes the development of a precision-engineered proppant, KRYPTOSPHERE, and reviews its performance. Oilfield Technology, March 2018